Background: Influenza vaccination coverage among nursing home residents has consistently been reported well below the Healthy People goals. We sought to determine if standing order programs (SOP) in long-term care facilities are associated with greater influenza vaccination coverage among residents.
Objectives: To assess if standing order programs (SOP) in long-term care facilities are associated with greater influenza vaccination coverage among residents.
Methods: The National Nursing Home Survey (2004) is cross-sectional. A total of 1,152
Results: The proportion of residents aged ≥65 years that received influenza vaccination was 64%; 41% of residents live in a facility with an SOP. Influenza vaccination coverage among residents residing in facilities with standing orders was 68% compared to 59%-63% of residents in facilities with other program types. Logistic regression showed that standing order programs were independently associated with greater influenza vaccination coverage (66.7% vs 62.0%, p<.01).
Conclusions: This study indicates that residents in long-term care facilities having standing order programs for influenza were more likely to be immunized. More research needs to be done to understand how to facilitate adoption of these programs.
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