P01 Houston HIV/STD Program Mobile Clinic Strategy: Reaching Underserved Populations with Evidence-Based Intervention and Cost Effective Clinical Services

Tuesday, March 9, 2010
Pre-Function Lobby & Grand Ballroom D2/E (M4) (Omni Hotel)
Beau Mitts, MPH1, David Watson, MS2, Filomena Snow, MSN, RN, ANP2, Juan Gonzalez Jr.2, Maria Espinoza, CMA2, Nathan Whitfield2, Darrell Jacobs2, Marlene McNeese-Ward2 and Michael Thomas, MPH2, 1Bureau of HIV/STD/and Viral Hepatitis Prevention, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX, 2Bureau of HIV/STD/and Viral Hepatitis, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX

Background: STD Programs are challenged to deliver evidence-based and cost effective intervention activities that successfully reach underserved populations.

Objectives: Effective utilization of mobile clinics to conduct case-related and targeted screening activities that positively impact program performance and are cost effective.

Methods: In 2009, Houston STD Program utilized two mobile clinics to provide STD clinical services for DIS syphilis/HIV case identified venues and targeted screening in high syphilis morbidity areas. Documented case-related screenings were examined for impact on program performance indicators. Comparative cost analysis was conducted for the mobile clinic interventions and traditional outreach activities. 

Results: January - June 2009, the mobile clinic tested 616 case-related individuals. Thirty-nine positive tests were identified, a reactivity rate 6.33%; higher than two Houston’s high-volume STD clinics. Seventy-five clusters were preventively treated for syphilis, contributing to program improvement on syphilis clustering performance indices: 1.43 (goal--1.0); syphilis treatment 89% (goal--0.75); disease intervention 60% (goal--60%); and HIV clustering 1.0 (goal--1.0). Thirty-three of 47 targeted screenings occurred in high morbidity areas where underserved and marginalized individuals reside or frequent. Serving high-risk and targeted populations through mobile clinic initiatives results in cost savings of $35,322.80 in STD services and cost savings of $1,314.12 per new syphilis case identified.   

Conclusions: Incorporating mobile clinic activities in STD program operations ensures performance objectives are cost effective and achievable.

Implications for Programs, Policy, and/or Research: Mobile clinics can be utilized as a practical and cost effective alternative for STD programs providing evidence-based interventions to reach underserved populations.

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