TP 1 HIV Status and Viral Loads Among Men Testing Positive for Rectal Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, Maricopa County, Arizona, 2011-2013

Tuesday, June 10, 2014
Pre-function Lobby (M2)
MELANIE Taylor, MD, MPH, DIVISION OF STD PREVENTION, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL, Phoenix, AZ, Daniel Newman, MA, Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, Julia Skinner, MS, HIV Surveillance Division, Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, AZ, Tom Mickey, BS, STD Program, Maricopa County Department of Public Health, Phoenix, AZ and Jonathan Gonzales, MS, HIV Surveillance, ADHS, Phoenix, AZ

Background: Men diagnosed with rectal gonorrhea and chlamydia are at risk for HIV acquisition and transmission. 

Methods:  Rectal gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) testing data from males attending the STD Clinic during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2013 were cross-matched with HIV surveillance data to identify men with HIV co-infection.  We examined HIV status, HIV diagnosis date, and the values of VL collected within one year of the rectal infection.

Results: During the two year time period, there were a total of 1,591 men that were tested for rectal GC and CT.  Of men tested, 506 (31.8%) were positive for GC (13.2%), CT (12.2%) or both (6.4%).  The median age of men with rectal infection (N = 506) was 25 (range 16-62); 214 (42.3%) were White, 62 (12.3%) were Black, and 80 (15.8%) were Hispanic. Of men with rectal infection, 380 (75.1%) had no reported history of HIV infection, 90 (17.8%) were diagnosed with HIV prior to rectal infection, 29 (5.7%) were diagnosed with HIV at the time of rectal diagnosis and 7 (1.4%) were diagnosed with HIV after rectal diagnosis.  Of the 119 men with HIV at the time of rectal diagnosis (23.5%):  28 (23.5%) had no reported VL; 34 (28.6%) had an undetectable viral load (<200 c/ml) and 57 (47.9%) had a detectable VL collected within one year of rectal diagnosis (median 33,769 c/ml, range 239-10,000,000 c/ml), (median days from rectal diagnosis to VL collection 18, range -363-336 days).  

Conclusions: Approximately one-quarter of men with rectal GC and CT also had HIV.  Only 28.6% of HIV-infected men with rectal GC or CT had an undetectable viral load collected near the time of rectal diagnosis, suggesting most were at high risk for transmitting HIV.